The Beach Boys formed in Hawthorne, California in 1961. The group's original line-up consisted of brothers Brian, Dennis, and Carl Wilson, their cousin Mike Love, and their friend Al Jardine.
Distinguished by their vocal harmonies and early surf songs, they are regarded as one of the most influential acts of the rock era. The band drew on the music of jazz-based vocal groups, 1950s rock and roll, and black R&B to create their unique sound, and with Brian as composer, arranger, producer, and de facto leader, they often incorporated classical or jazz elements and unconventional recording techniques in innovative ways.
Dennis was the only one interested in surfing, but it was he who got Brian and Mike Love to write about the West Coast passions, surf, cars and girls.
After one small regional hit in late 1961 (“Surfin” No.75 nationally) they were signed by Capitol Records in 1962. Brian Wilson, a consummate writer of teenage anthems perfected the surf music blend of Chuck Berry rhythms, close harmonies, and teenage interests perfectly.
There followed 24 top 50 hits between 1962 and 1966, including 8 double sided hits,13 top ten, and 3 No. 1’s.The number ones, (“I Get Around”, 1964,m”Help Me Rhonda” 1965 and “Good Vibrations” 1966). Other classics included “California Girls”, “Little Deuce Coupe” “Surfer Girl”.
With Beatle mania hitting, and the Surf and car theme wearing thin, more grownup themes were explored. Brian withdrew from the touring, replaced by session musician Glen Campbell, (yes, that Gen Campbell) then by Bruce Johnson.
One of the few original U.S. acts to survive Beatlemania, the bands “Pet Sounds” predated the Beatles Sgt Pepper album in the use of advanced studio techniques. Hits from this album included “God Only Knows”, “Wouldn’t It Be Nice” and “Good Vibrations”
I could not stand “Good Vibrations” and did not possess a Beach Boys record until “Wild Honey” and “Do It Again”. I just was not into surfing or Hot Rods.
Pet Sounds came about after the Beach Boys had heard both “Rubber Sole”, and “Revolver”. These strongly influenced the bans, and “Pet Sounds” was the result.
The Beatles, hearing “Pet Sounds” were greatly influenced by it, and “Sgt Peppers was the result.
In the studio, their original look...
..and years later after during "Pet Sounds" era.
Pet Sounds, the eleventh studio album by the Beach Boys, released May 1966 on Capitol Records. It initially met with a lukewarm critical and commercial response in the United States, peaking at number 10 on Billboard Top LPs chart, lower than the band's preceding albums. In the United Kingdom, the album was well received by critics and peaked at number 2 in the UK Top 40 Albums Chart, remaining in the top ten for six months. Promoted there as "the most progressive pop album ever", Pet Sounds attracted recognition for its ambitious production, sophisticated music, and personal lyrics. It is among the most influential albums in music history, greatly influencing the Beatles.
A collection of hits from the band's 1962–65 period, Endless Summer was compiled by their old label, Capitol Records, while the Beach Boys were contracted to Reprise Records. Its unexpected success bore immediate consequences for the band's then-progressive musical direction. It revitalized the band's popularity after years of lukewarm sales, but also inspired nostalgia for the Beach Boys' early surfing and hot rod-themed music, repositioning the group as an oldies act. Four months after its release, the album reached number 1 in the United States and Canada. It was the group's second chart-topping album in the US and returned them to a level of commercial success they had not experienced there since the mid 1960s. The compilation spent 155 weeks the Billboard albums chart and was certified 3x platinum for selling over three million copies